What Is Liposuction?
Liposuction is the surgical vacuuming of fat from beneath the surface of the
skin. It is used to reduce fullness in any area of the body. It is an excellent
method of spot reduction but is not an effective method of weight loss.
What Is the Tumescent Technique?
The tumescent technique involves injection beneath the skin of large volumes
of salt water containing lidocaine, a local anesthetic, and small amounts of
adrenaline, a naturally occurring hormone that shrinks blood vessels. By
injecting this solution to the fat prior to performing liposuction the plastic
surgeon numbs the tissues and shrinks the blood vessels thereby eliminating pain
and reducing and minimizing bleeding, bruising and swelling. The tumescent
technique permits some patients who were previously treated under general
anesthesia to be treated under local anesthesia with sedation.
Who Is a Candidate for Liposuction?
Generally people who have localized areas of protruding fat achieve the most
dramatic results. Patients who are slightly overweight can benefit from
liposuction. It is best to be at or near your normal weight. Good skin
elasticity permits the skin to shrink easily to the reduced contour. There are
no absolute age limits for liposuction.
What Areas Are Most Frequently Treated?
In women, the single most frequently treated areas are the outer thighs,
followed by the stomach. In men, the flank area or "love handles" are treated
Can Liposuction Tighten Up a Loose Neck?
If there is excess fat in the area under the chin and the skin is taut,
liposuction alone can produce a more sculpted, angular and youthful jaw line.
If, however, the skin of the neck is loose, hanging or crepey, even if there is
excess fat, liposuction alone will not produce the desired result. Patients with
loose skin usually require a face and neck lift in addition to or instead of
liposuction. In general, most patients who benefit from liposuction of the neck
are under 40. Most patients over 40 will require some surgical skin tightening.
Liposuction Seems Very Simple and Safe. Are There any Dangers?
Although liposuction is very safe and effective, it is a surgical procedure
and can cause complications such as infection, bleeding and nerve damage. In
addition, aesthetic complications such as skin irregularity or waviness can
occur if too much fat has been removed. Fortunately, complications are uncommon
and most patients are satisfied with their results.
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